The curriculum incorporates the child centered principles of its predecessor. It identifies three primary aims of primary education:
- To enable the child to live a full life as a child and to realize his or her potential as a unique individual.
- To enable the child to develop as a social being through living and co-operating with others and so contribute to the good of society.
- To prepare the child for further education and lifelong learning.
Language has a vital role to play in children’s development. Much learning takes place through the interaction of language and experience. Language helps the child to clarify and interpret experience, to acquire new concepts, and to add depth to concepts already grasped. In view of this crucial relationship between language and learning the curriculum incorporates the use of talk and discussion as a central learning strategy in every curriculum area. This facilitates the exploration of ideas, emotions, and reactions through increasingly complex language, thus deepening the child’s understanding of the world.
Mathematics enables the child to think and communicate quantitatively and spatially, solve problems, recognize situations where mathematics can be applied, and use appropriate technology to support such use. The Mathematics Curriculum emphasizes the development of the child’s estimation skills and problem-solving skills using examples which are relevant to the child’s experience. Discussion, hands-on experience with materials, and active learning are encouraged from infants, and the importance of the development of mathematical language in communicating ideas is also stressed. The development of numeracy skills is central to the child’s life both within and outside school. These skills are also important for educational and personal success in later life.
- Applying and problem-solving
- Understanding and recalling
- Communicating and expressing
- Integrating and connecting
- Understanding and recalling
Physical education provides children with learning opportunities through the medium of movement and contributes to their overall development by helping them to lead full, active, and healthy lives. The Physical Education Curriculum provides a balanced range of activities for children and encourages schools to adopt a flexible approach in planning for PE.
Arts Education is presented under three subject headings: visual arts, drama and music. Arts education enables the child to express ideas, feelings and experiences in language, gesture and movement. Together with music and the visual arts, the use of drama in the classroom encourages the child to express ideas that are creative and explorative. The Arts Education curriculum explores pathways to learning that involves reflection, imagination, and sensitivity. Learning through the arts facilitates the use of a range of intelligences.
The Visual arts curriculum consists of six strands. Each strand represents a medium for developing the child’s expressive abilities. These strands are: Drawing, Paint and colour, Print, Clay, Construction, Fabric and fiber.
Drama: The Drama Curriculum includes just one strand. This strand is concerned with using drama to explore feelings, knowledge, and ideas, leading to understanding. It includes three stand units. These are Exploring and making drama Reflecting on drama Cooperating and communication in making drama.
Music: Music provides children with opportunities to engage with a wide range of musical styles and traditions, to become involved in moving, dancing, illustrating, storytelling and making drama. The Music Curriculum introduces children to music reading and writing, to song singing and to playing classroom instruments.